Rose and Flower Meanings

From Multiple Sources
(for the rose show arrangement class)

    RED  Romantic Love, Respect, Courage

WHITE  Purity, Innocence, Worthiness

YELLOW  Friendship, Gladness, Jealousy

PINK  Happiness, Gentleness, Gratitude

BURGUNDY  Bashfulness, Unconscious Love

LAVENDeR  Love at first sight, Enchantment

ORANGE  Passion, Fascination, Desire

HYBRID TEA  I love you still

ANY Single Long-Stem Simplicity

RED & WHITE Arranged together Unity

RED & YELLOW Arranged together Happy Feelings

ANY TWO Bound Together Engagement


The Meaning of Rose Colors

Red Love, beauty, courage and respect, romantic love, congratulations, I Love You, job well done, sincere love, respect, courage & passion

Red (Dark) Unconscious beauty

Red (Single) "I Love You"

White Purity, innocence, silence, secrecy, reverence, humility, youthfulness, innocence, I am worthy of you, heavenly and charm

White (Bridal) Happy love

Pink Appreciation, "Thank you", grace, perfect happiness, and admiration, happiness, gracefulness, gentleness, please believe me

Dark Pink Appreciation, gratitude, thank you

Light Pink Admiration, sympathy, gentleness, grace, gladness, joy and sweetness

Yellow Joy, gladness, friendship, delight, the promise of a new beginning, welcome back, remember me, "I care" and jealousy

Yellow with Red Tip Friendship, falling in love

Orange Desire, and enthusiasm

Red and White Given together, these signify unity

Peach Closing of the deal, let's get together

Coral Desire

Lavender Love at first sight and enhancement

Orange Enthusiasm, desire and fascination

Black Death

Single in any color Simplicity and gratitude

Red Rosebud Symbolic of purity and loveliness

White Rosebud Symbolic of girlhood

Thornless Rose Signifies "Love at first sight"

Red roses say "I love you" and also stand for respect and courage.

White roses have several meanings: "You’re heavenly," reverence and humility, innocence and purity, "I’m worthy of you," and secrecy and silence.

Red and white roses together, or white roses with red edges, signify unity.


Pink roses in general symbolize grace and gentility. For more subtle shades of meaning, choose deep pink to stand for gratitude and appreciation. Light pink conveys admiration and sympathy.

Yellow roses usually stand for joy and gladness, but can also say "try to care."

Coral or orange roses denote enthusiasm and desire.

A deep burgundy rose means "unconscious beauty."

Red and yellow blends stand for jovial and happy feelings.

Pale colors convey sociability and friendship.

Rosebuds symbolize beauty, youth and a heart innocent of love or: "You are young and beautiful." Red rosebuds mean "pure and lovely" and white rosebuds signify girlhood or "too young to love." The moss rosebud stands for confessions of love.

A single rose stands for simplicity. In full bloom, it means "I love you" or "I love you still," and a bouquet of roses in full bloom signifies gratitude.

Withered white roses have two meanings: fleeting beauty and "you made no impression."

Hybrid tea roses mean "I’ll remember you always" and sweetheart roses symbolize just what their name implies.

Two roses taped or wired together to form a single stem signal an engagement or coming marriage.

A full blown rose placed over two buds forms a combination that signifies secrecy.

A crown made of roses signifies reward or virtue.


In general, leaves are a symbol of hope.

Regardless of color or stage of development, roses sent every month convey the message: "beauty ever new."



Coral Rose conveys desire

Lavender Roses symbolize love at first sight and enhancement

Orange Roses indicate enthusiasm, desire and fascination

Pink (Deep) says Thank You

Pink (Light) Rose conveys admiration, gentleness, grace, gladness, joy and sweetness

Pink Rose carry the message of happiness, gracefulness and gentleness

Red Roses symbolize sincere Love, Respect, Courage & Passion

Red (Dark) Rose reveals unconscious beauty

Red (Single) means "I Love You"

Red & White Roses together signify unity

Single Rose in any color expresses simplicity and gratitude

White Roses express Purity/heavenly, secrecy, silence, innocence and charm

White (Bridal) Rose symbolizes a happy love

Yellow Roses indicate joy, gladness, friendship and "I Care"

Yellow Rose with Red Tip indicates friendship falling in Love


Flowers and Plants


Acacia Friendship

Acacia, yellow Secret love

Almond (flowering) Hope

Alyssum (sweet) Beauty

Amaranth (globe) Unfading love

Amaryllis Pride, Beauty

Anemone Forsaken

Aster Afterthought


Bachelor's Button Celibacy

Beech Prosperity

Bell Flowers Gratitude

Birch Meekness


Cactus Warmth

Calla Beauty

Camelia, Red Excellence

Camelia, White Loveliness

Carnation, Red For my poor heart

Cedar Strength

Chrysanthemum,Red I love you

Chrysanthemum, White Truth

Clover Be mine

Coreopsis Always cheerful

Corn Richness

Crocus Youthful gladness


Daffodil Regard

Dahlia Instability

Daisy Innocence


Fennel Worthy of praise

Fern Fascination

Forget me not True Love

French Honeysuckle Rustic Beauty

French Marigold Jealousy

French Willow Bravery


Geranium Melancholy

Geranium, Ivy Bridal Favor

Grapes Abundance

Golden Rod Precaution


Hawthorn Hope

Heliotrope Faithfulness

Hibiscus Delicate beauty

Holly Foresight

Hollyhock Ambition

Honeysuckle Devoted affection

Hyacinth Sport, Game

Hyssop Cleanliness


Iris Message

Ivy Fidelity, Marriage


Jasmine Amiability

Jasmine (yellow) Grace and Elegance

Juniper Protection


Lantana Rigour

Larkspur Lightness

Laurel Glory

Lemon Blossoms Fidelity

Lilac, Purple First Love

Lilac, White

Lily, Day Coquetry

Lily, Imperial Majesty

Lily, White Purity. Sweetness

Lily, Yellow Gaiety

Lily of the Valley Return of Happiness

Lotus Eloquence

Lotus Flower Estranged Love

Love in Mist Perplexity

Lupine Imagination


Magnolia Love of Nature

Maple Reserve

Marjoram Blushes

Mint Virtue

Morning Glory Affectation

Myrtle Love


Narcissus Egotism

Nasturtium Patriotism


Oak leaves Bravery

Oleander Beware

Orange Blossoms Purity = loveliness


Palm Victory

Pansy Thoughts

Peach Blossoms I am your captive.

Pear Affection

Pear Tree Comfort

Periwinkle, Blue Early friendship

Periwinkle, White Pleasures of Memory

Phlox Unanimity

Poppy, Red Consolation

Primrose Early Youth


Ranunculus You are radiant with charms

Rose Love

Rose, bridal Happy love

Rose, Bergundy Unconscious Beauty

Rose, Multiflora Grace

Rose, Single Simplicity

Rose, White I am worthy of you.

Rose, Yellow Decrease of Love

Rose, White/Red Unity

Rosebud, red Pure and lovely

Rosebud, White Girlhood


Sage Domestic Virtue

Snapdragon Presumption

Snowdrop Hope

Sorrel Affection

Star of Bethlehem Purity

Stock Lasting Beauty

Sunflower Adoration

Sweet Basil Good Wishes

Sweet Pea Delicate Pleasure

Sycamore Curiosity


Thistle Austerity

Thyme Activity

Trumpet Flower Fame

Tuberose Dangerous Pleasure

Tulip, Red Declaration of Love

Tulip, Variegated Beautiful Eyes

Turnip Charity


Veronica Fidelity

Vine Intoxication

Violet, Blue Faithfulness

Violet, Yellow Happiness


Walnut Intellect

Water Lily Purity of Heart

Willow, Creeping Love Forsaken

Willow, Water Freedom

Reference: "Kate Greenaway's Language of Flowers"


Flower Meanings******

Botanical Names Common Names Meanings

Acorn Nordic Symbol of Life and Immortality

Ambrosia Your Love is Reciprocated

Apple Blossom Preference

Arbutus Thee Only Do I Love

Callistephus Aster Symbol of Love, Daintiness

Azalea Take Care of Yourself For Me, Temperance, Fragile, Passion, Chinese Symbols of Womanhood

Gypsophilia Baby's Breath Pure of Heart

Centaurea Banksia Bachelor's Button Single Blessedness

Begonia Begonia Beware

Amaryllis Belladonna Lily or Naked Lady Lily Beautiful But Timid, Pride, Pastoral Poetry

Moluccella Bells of Ireland Good Luck

Bittersweet Truth

Scilla nutans/ Scilla non-scripta Bluebell Humility

Bouquet of Withered Flowers Rejected Love

Ranuncules Buttercup Riches

Cactus Endurance

Camellia Admiration, Perfection, Good Luck Gift to a Man

Camellia Gratitude

Camellia (Blue) You're A Flame In My Heart

Camellia (Pink) Longing For You

Camellia (White) You're Adorable

Iberis Candytuft Indifference

Gardenia Cape Jasmine You're Lovely, Secret Love

Dianthus Carnation Pure and Deep Love

Dianthus Carnation (Pink) I'll Never Forget You

Dianthus Carnation (Purple) Capriciousness

Dianthus Carnation (Red) My Heart Aches For You, Admiration

Dianthus Carnation (Solid Color) Yes

Dianthus Carnation (stripped) No!, Refusal, Sorry I Can't Be With You

Dianthus Carnation (White) Sweet and Lovely, Innocence, Pure Love, Womanize Good Luck Gift

Dianthus Carnation (Yellow) You Have Disappointed Me, Rejection

Cattail Peace, Prosperity

Dendranthema Chrysanthemem (General) You're A Wonderful Friend, Cheerfulness and Rest

Dendranthema Chrysanthemem (White) Truth

Dendranthema Chrysanthemem (Yellow) Slighted Love

Dendranthema Chrysanthemum A Desolate Heart

Dendranthema Chrysanthemum (Red) I Love

Coreopsis Always Cheerful

Crocus Cheerfulness, Gladness

Cyclamen Persicum Cylcamen Resignation and Good Bye

Narcissus Daffodil Regard, Unrequited Love, You're The Only One, The Sun Is Always Shining When I'm With You, Respect

Dahlia Dahlia Dignity and Elegance

Daisy Innocence, Loyal Love, I'll Never tell, Purity

Dandelion Faithfulness, Happiness

Dead Leaves Sadness

Fern Magic, Fascination, Confidence and Shelter, Grace

Asplenium Trichomanes Fern Maidenhair Secret Bond Of Love

Fir Time

Flax Domestic Symbol

Forget-Me-Not True Love, Memories; Do Not Forget

Forsythia Anticipation

Foxglove Insincerity

Freesia Freesia Trust

Fuchsia Taste or Frugality

Garlic Courage, Strength

Hardy Cranesbill Geranium- Stupidity, Folly

Gomphrena Globe Amaranth Unfading Love

Gloxinia Love At First Sight

Solidago Golden Rod Success

Grass Submission

Erica Heather (Lavender) Admiration, Solitude

Erica Heather (White) Protection, Wishes Will Come True

Hibiscus Delicate Beauty

Holly Am I Forgotten?

Honeysuckle Devoted Love/ Fidelity

Huckleberry Faith

Hyacinthus Hyacinth Constancy

Hyacinthus Hyacinth (Blue) Consistency

Hyacinthus Hyacinth (General) Games and Sports, Richness, Dedicated to Apollo

Hyacinthus Hyacinth (Purple) I Am Sorry Please Forgive Me, Sorrow

Hyacinthus Hyacinth (Red or Pink) Play

Hyacinthus Hyacinth (White) Loveliness, I'll Pray For You

Hyacinthus Hyacinth (Yellow) Jealousy

Hydrangea Hydrangea Thank You For Understanding, Frigidity, Heartlessness

Iris Iris Emblem Of France, Your Friendship Means So Much To Me, Faith, Hope, Wisdom and Valor, My Compliments,

Ivy Wedded Love, Fidelity, Friendship, Affection

Jasmine Grace and Elegance

Narcissus Jonquil Love Me, Affection Returned, Desire, Sympathy, Desire For Affection Returned

Consolida or Delphinium Larkspur(Pink) Fickleness

Syringa Lilac Beauty

Syringa Lilac (Purple) First Emotions of Love

Syringa Lilac (White) Youth

Zantedeschia Lily (Calla) Beauty

Hermerocallis Lily (Day Chinese Emblem For Mother

Lily (Eucharis) Maiden Charms

Lily (Orange) Hatred

Lily (Tiger) Wealth, Pride, Prosperity

Lily (White) Virginity, Purity, Majesty, It's Heavenly To Be With You

Lily (Yellow) I'm Walking On Air, False and Gay, Gratitude

Convallaria Lily of the Valley Sweetness, Tears Of The Virgin Mary, Return To Happiness, Humility, You've Made my Life

Magnolia Nobility

Dianthus Marigold Cruelty, Grief, Jealousy;Sacred Affection

Acacia Mimosa Friendship

Acacia Mimosa, Bloom Concealed Love, Beauty in Retirement

Mistletoe Kiss Me, Affection, To Surmount Difficulties, Sacred Plant Of India, Magic Plant Of The Druids

Aconitum Monkshood Beware, A Deadly Foe Is Near

Morning Glory Affection

Moss Maternal Love, Charity

Dendranthema Mum Hope

Myrtle Love, Hebrew Emblem Of Marriage

Narcissus Daffodil or Jonquil Formality, Stay As Sweet As You Are

Nastrum Conquest, Victory In Battle

Nuts Stupidity

Oleander Caution

Orange Blossom Innocence, Eternal Love, Marriage and Fruitfulness

Orange Mock Deceit

Orchid Love, Beauty, Refinement, Beautiful Lady, Chinese Symbol for Many Children, Thoughtfulness

Orchid (Cattleaya) Mature Charm

Palm Leaves Victory and Success

Viola Pansy Merriment

Paeonia Peony Shame, Gay Life, Happy Marriage, Compassion

Alstromeria Peruvian Lily Devotion

Petunia Resentment, Anger, Your Presence Soothes Me

Pine Hope, Pity

Papaver Poppy Consolation

Papaver Poppy (General) Eternal Sleep, Oblivion, Imagination

Papaver Poppy (Red) Pleasure

Papaver Poppy (White) Consolation

Papaver Poppy (Yellow) Wealth, Success

Oenothera Lamarckiana Primrose I Can't Live Without You

Oenothera Lamarckiana Primrose (Evening) Inconsistency

Rosa Red Rose I Love You

Rosa Rose (Bridal) Happy Love

Rosa Rose (Christmas) Tranquilize My Anxiety, Anxiety

Rosa Rose (Dark Crimson) Mourning

Rosa Rose (Demask) Persian Ambassador Of Love

Rosa Rose (Garland or Crown) Beware Of Virtue, Reward Of Merit, Symbol Of Superior Merit

Rosa Rose (Hibiscus) Delicate, Beauty

Rosa Rose (leaf) You May Hope

Rosa Rose (Musk Cluster) Charming

Rosa Rose (Pink) Perfect Happiness, Please Believe Me

Rosa Rose (Red and White Together) Unity, Flower Emblem Of England

Rosa Rose (Red) Love, I Love You, Passion

Rosa Rose (Single Full Bloom) I Love You, I Still Love You

Rosa Rose (Tea) I'll Remember, Always

Rosa Rose (Thornless) Love At First Sight

Rosa Rose (White) Innocence and Purity, I Am Worthy Of You, You're Heavenly, Secrecy and Silence

Rosa Rose (White-Dried) Death Is Preferable To Loss Of Virtue

Rosa Rose (White-withered) Transient Impression, Fleeting Beauty, You Made No Impression

Rosa Rose (Yellow) Decrease Of Love, Jealously, Try To Care

Rosa Rosebud Beauty Of Youth, A Heart Innocent Of Love

Rosa Rosebud (Moss) Confessions Of Love

Rosa Rosebud (Red) Pure And Lovely

Rosa Rosebud (White) Girlhood

Smilax Loveliness

Antirrhinum Snapdragon Deception, Gracious Lady, Strength

Madagascar Jasmine Stephanotis Happiness In Marriage, Desire To Travel

Matthiola Stock Bonds Of Affection, Promptness, You'll Always Be Beautiful To Me

Helianthus Sunflower Pride

Dianthus Barbatus Sweet William Gallantry

Lathyrus Sweetpea Good-bye, Departure, Blissful Pleasure, Thank You For A Lovely Time

Gladiola Sword Lily Give Me A Break, I'm Really Sincere, Flower Of The Gladiators

Tulipa Tulip (General) Perfect Lover, Fame, Flower Emblem Of Holland, Luck

Tulipa Tulip (Red) Believe Me, Declaration Of Love

Tulipa Tulip (Variegated) Beautiful Eyes

Tulipa Tulip (Yellow) There's Sunshine In Your Smile

Viola Violet Modesty, Virtue, Faithfulness

Viola Violet (Blue) Watchfulness, Faithfulness, I'll Always Be True

Viola Violet (White) Let's Take A Chance On Happiness

Viscaria Will You Dance With Me?

Wild Rose Simplicity

Anemone Windflower Forsaken, Sincerity

Wintergreens Harmony

Sinensis Wisteria Welcome

Zinnia Zinnia I Mourn Your Absence

Zinnia Zinnia (Magenta) Lasting Affection

Zinnia Zinnia (Mixed) Thinking (or in Memory) Of An Absent Friend

Zinnia Zinnia (Scarlet) Constancy

Zinnia Zinnia (White) Goodness

Zinnia Zinnia (Yellow) Daily Remembrance




*As many of these English flower names are but little used, the French and Latin synonyms are given in parallel columns.


English flower names French flower names Latin flower names Meaning of flowers

Acacia, Acacia, Acacia, Platonic love.

Acacia, rose, Acacia, rose, Acacia, rosea, Elegance.

Acanthus, Acanthe, Acanthus, Arts.

Almond-tree, Amandier, Amygdalus, Thoughtlessness.

Aloes, parrot-bill, Aloès, bee de perroquet Small talk.

Aloes, socotrine, Aloès, socotrine, Aloe, succotrina, Bitterness and pain.

Amaranth, Amaranthe, Amaranthus, Immortality.

American Aloe, Agavé, Agave Americana, Security.

Angelica, Angelique, Angelica, Inspiration.

Anthericum, Phalangère, Phalangium, Antidote.

Arum, Gouet, commun, Arum vulgare, Ardor.

Arum, Fly-catching, Arum, gobe-mouche, Arum crinitum, Snare.

Ash, Frêne èlevè, Fraxinus excelsior Greatness.


Trumpet-flower, Jasmin de Virginie, Biguonia radicans, Separation.

Aspen, Peuplier tremble, Populus tremula, Groan.

Aster, china, Marguerite-reine, Aster chinensis, Variety.



Balm Melisse citronelle, Melissa officinalis, Joke.

Balsam of Peru, Baume du Perou, Myroxylon, Cure.

Barberry, Epine-vinette, Berberis, Sourness.

Basil, Basilic, Ocimum, Hatred.

Beech-tree, Hêtre commun, Fagus sylvatica, Prosperity.

Bellflower, Campanule, Campanula, Indiscretion.

Bellflower, pyramidal, Pyramidale bleue, Campanula pyramidalis, Constancy.

Bindweed, purple, Liseron pourpre, Convolvulus purpureus, Eminence.

Bindweed, field, Liseron des champs, Convolvulus arvensis, Humility.

Bird cherry-tree, Lauier-amandier, Prunus padus, Perfidy.

Black thorn, Epine noire, Prunus sylvestris, Difficulty.

Bladder-senna, Baguenaudier, Colutea arborescens Frivolous amusement.

Bluebottle, Bluet, Centaurea cyanus, Delicacy.

Borage, Bourrache, Borage, Bluntness.

Box, Buis, Buxus, Stoicism.

Bramble, Ronce, Rubus, Envy.

Broom-rape, Orobanche majeure, Orobauche major, Union.

Broom, Spanish, Genêt d’Espagne, Genista juncea, Cleanliness.

Broom, prickly, Genêt épineux, Genista spiniflora, Misanthropy.

Bryony, Tame commun, Tamus communis, Support.

Buck-bean, Menyauthe, Menyanthes, Quiet; repose.

Bugloss, Buglosse, Anchusa, Falsehood.

Burdock. Bardane, Aretium Lappa Importunity.



Cactus, Cactier, Cactus, Maternal love.

Catch-fly, night-flowering, Siléné, fleur de nuit, Silene noeturna, Night.

Celsia, great flowered, Celsie à Crete, Celsia cretica, Immortality.

Chaste-tree, Gattilier commun, Vitex, Coldness,

Cherry-tree, Cerisier, Cerasus, Education.

Chestnut-tree, Chataignier, Castanea Justice.

Chestnut-tree, horse, Marronnier d’Inde, Æsculus hippocastanum, Luxury.

Christmas aconite, Hellebore de Noël, Helleborus, Wit.

Cinquefoil, Quinte-feuille, Potentilla Beloved daughter.

Clove-tree, Giroflier, Caryophyllus aromaticus, Dignity.

Columbine, Ancolie, Aquilegia, Folly.

Coltsfoot, sweet-scented, Tussilage odorant, Tussilago fragrans, Justice.

Coriander, Coriandre, Coriandrum, Hidden worth.

Cornel-tree, Cornouiller, Cornus, Duration.

Crown-imperial, Couronne impériale, Fritillaria imperialis Power.

Crowfoot, marsh, Renoncule scéléate, Rannuculus sceleratus, Ingratitude.

Crowfoot, meadow, Renoncule, bouton d’or, Ranunculus aeris, Perfidy.

Currant, Groseiller, Ribes rubrum, Thankfulness.

Cypress Cyprès, Cupressus, Mourning.



Daffodil, common, Narcisse des près, Narcissus sylvestris, Deceitful hopes.

Dahlia, Dahlia, Dahlia, Novelty.

Dandelion, Pissenlit, Leontodon, Oracle.

Daisy, double, Paquerette double, Dellis hortensis, Affection.

Daisy, single, Paquerette simple Bellis simplex, Innocence.

Daisy, wild, Marguerite des près, Bellis perennis, Dost thou love me?

Date-plum, Plaqueminier, Diospyros, Resistance.

Day-lily, yellow, Belle de jour, Hemerocallis flava, Coquetry.

Dittany of Crete, Dietame de Crete Origanum Dictamnus, Birth.

Dittany, white, Fraxinelle, Dictamnus Fire.

Dock, Patience, Rumex, Patience.

Dodder, Cuscute, Cuscula, Baseness.

Dragon-plant, Arum serpentaire, Arum dracunculus, Dread.



Elastic Momordica, Momordique élastique, Momordica elaterium, Critique; hoax.

Enchanter’s Nightshade, Circée, Cichorium intybus, Frugality.

Everlasting, Gnaphale, Gnaphalium, Perpetual remembrances.



Fennel, Fenouil, Anethum fœniculum, Strength.

Fern, (sic) Fongère, (Fougere) Filix, Sincerity.

Fieldrush, Jone des champs, Juncus campestris, Docility.

Fig Marigold, Ficoïde glaciale, Mesembryanthemum chrystallinum, Coldness of heart.

Fir, Sapin, Ables, Height.

Flax, Lin, Linum usitatissimum, Benefactor.

Foxglove, Digitale, Digitalis, Occupation.

Funitory, Fumeterre commune, Fumaria, Gall.



Geranium, clouded, Géranium triste, Geranium nubilum, Melancholy.

Geranium, rose, Géernium rose, Geranium roseum, Preference.

Geranium, scarlet, Géranium écarlate, Geranium coccineum, Stupidity.

Gilliflower, Mahon, Giroflée de Mahon, Cheiranthus mahoneus, Promptness.

Gilliflower, stock, Giroflée des jardins, Cheiranthus lucanus, Enduring beauty.

Goats-rue, Galéga, Galega, Reason.

Goosefoot, Auserine ambroisée, Chenopodium, Insult.

Grape-vine, Vigne, Vitis, Intoxication.

Grass, Gazon, Gramen, Utility.

Grass, quaking, Brise tremblante, Briza media, Frivolity.



Hair-moss, Polytric á urne, Polytrichum, Secret.

Hawthorn, Aubépine Cratægus oxyacantha, Hope.

Hazel, Noisettier, Corylus, Reconciliation.

Heath, Bruyére commune, Erica vulgaris, Solitude.

Helenium, smooth Hélénie d’automne, Helenium autumnale, Tears.

Hepatica, Anemone hépatique, Anemone hepatica, Trust.

Hogbean, Jusquiame, Hyoscyamus, Defect.

Hollowroot, Adoxa, Adoxa moschatellina, Weakness.

Holly, Houx, Ilex, Forecast.

Hollyhock, Rose trémière, Alcea rosea, Fruitfulness.

Honesty, Lunaire, Lunaria, Forgetfulness.

Honeysuckle, (sic) Chéve-feuille, Lanicera caprifolium, Bonds of love.

Hop, Houblon, Humulus lupulus, Injustice.

Hornbeam Charme, Carpinus, Ornament.

Hortensia, Hortensia, Hortensia opuloides, Carelessness.

Hyacinth, expanded, Hyacinthe étalée, Hyacinthus elatus, Benevolence.

Hyacinth, garden, Hyacinthe d’Orient, Hyacinthus orientalis, The language of flowers.

Hyacinth, wild, Hyacinthe sauvage, Hyacinthus sylvestris, Play.

Hybrid crinum, Crinole hybride, Crinum, Delicate weakness.



Immortal flowers, Immortelle, Xeranthemum annuum, Unfading remembrance.

Indian cane, Balisier, Arundo bambos, Rendezvous.

Ipomen, scarlet, Ipomée écarlate, Ipomæa coccinea, Embrace.

Iris, Iris, Iris, Message.

Iris, flaming, Iris flambé, Iris flammea, Flame.

Ivy, Lierre, Hedera helix, Friendship.



Jamaica Plum, Myrobalan, Spondias myrobalanus, Privation.

Japan rose, Camellia, Camellia japonica, Gratitude.

Jessamine, common white, Jasmin commun, Jasminus officinale, Amiability.

Jessamine, Spanish, Jasmin d’Espagne, Jasminum grandiflorum, Sensuality.

Jonquille, Jonquille, Narcissus jonquilla, Desire.

Juniper Genévrier, Juniperus, Succor.



King’s-spear Asphodèle jaune, Asphodelus, Regret.



Laburnum, Cytise faux ébénier, Cytisus laburnum, Blackness.

Ladies’ Bedstraw, Grateron, Galium, Rudeness.

Ladies’ Ear-drop, Fuchsia, Fuchsia, Frailty.

Larch, Mélèze, Pinus Larix Audacity.

Larkspur, Pied d’alouette, Delphinium, Levity.

Lavender, Lavande aspic, Lavandula spica, Distrust.

Laurel, Laurier franc, Laurus, Glory.

Laurestine, Lauier-tin, Viburnum tinue, Delicate attentions.

Lichen, Hépatique, Lichen hepatica, Confidence.

Lilac, Lilas commun, Lilac vulgaris, Earliest love.

Lilac, white, Lilas blanc, Lilac alba, Youth.

Lily, Lis, Lilium, Majesty.

Lily, daffodil, Amaryllis jaune, Amaryllis lutes, Pride.

Lily of the Valley, Muguet de Mai, Convallaria maialis, Return of happiness.

Lime-tree, Tilleul, Tilia, Conjugal affection.

Lucerne, Luzerne, Medicago, Life.



Madder, Garance, Rubia, Calumny.

Madder, yellow, Alysse saxatile, Alyssum saxatile, Tranquility.

Maidenhair Capillaire, Adiantum, Discretion.

Manchineel, Mancenillier, Hippomanes mancinella, Betrayal.

Mandrake, Mandragore, Atropa Mandragora, Scarcity.

Maple, Erable champêtre, Acer, Reserve.

Marigold, cape, Souci pluvial, Calendula pluvialis, Presage.

Marigold, garden, Souci commun, Calendula officinalis, Trouble.

Marshmallow, Guimauve, Althæa, Beneficence.

Marvel of Peru, Belle de nuit, Mirabilis, Timidity.

Meadow-saffron, Colchique, Colchicum, Autumn.

Meadow-sweet, Spirée ulmaire, Spiræa ulmaria, Uselessness.

Mezereon, Lauréole bois gentil, Daphne mezereum, Desire to please.

Milfoil, Achillée Achillea, War.

Milkwort, Polygala, Polygala, Hermitage.

Mistletoe, Gui, Viscum album, Parasite.

Motherwort, Clandestine, Lathræa clandesina, Concealed love.

Mugwort, Armoise, Artemisia, Happiness.

Mulberry, black, Muier noir, Morus niger, Devotedness.

Mulberry, white, Murier blanc, Morus albus, Prudence.

Myrtle, Myrte, Myrtus Love.



Narcissus, white, Narcisse des poétes, Narcissus poeticus, Selfishness.

Nettle, Ortie, Urtica, Cruelty.

Nightshade, Morelle, Solanum, Truth.

Nosegay, Bouquet, Florum fasciculus, Gallantry.



Oak, Chéne, Quercus, Hospitality.

Olive, Olivier, Oliva, Peace.

Ophrys, fly, Ophrise-mouche, Ophrys myoides, Mistake.

Ophrys, spider, Ophrise-arraignée, Ophrys arachnites, Dexterity.

Orange-blossom, Fleur d’oranger, Flos aurantii, Chasity.

Orange-tree, Oranger, Aurantium, Generosity.

Osmunda, Osmonde, Osmunda, Revery.



Pansy, Pensée, Viola tricolor, Thought.

Parsley, Persil, Apium, Feast.

Pasque-flower, Coquelourde, Anemone pulsatilla, Without pretension.

Passion-flower, Grenadille bleue, Passiflora cerulea, Belief.

Peony, common, Pivoine officinale, Pæonia officinalis, Shame.

Peppermint, Menthe poivrée, Mentha piperita, Warmth of feeling.

Periwinkle, Pervenche, Vinca, Sweet remembrance.

Persian Candy-tuft, Ibéride de Perse, Iberis semperflorens, Indifference.

Pheasant’s-eye, Adonide, Adonis, Painful remembrance.

Pimpernel, red, Mouron rouge, Anagallis phœnicea, Appointment.

Pine, Pin, Pinus, Boldness.

Pineapple, Ananas, Bromelia ananas, Perfection.

Pink, clove, Œillet des fleuristes, Dianthus caryophyllus, True love.

Pink, musk, Œillet mignardise, Dianthus moschatus, Childishness.

Pink, yellowish, Œillet jaune, Dianthus luteus, Unreasonableness.

Plane-tree, Platane, Platanus, Genius.

Polemonium, Polémoine bleue, Polemonium ceruleum, Rupture.

Pomegranate, Grenadier, Punica granatum, Foppery.

Poplar, black, Peuplier noir, Populus niger, Courage.

Poplar, white, Peuplier blanc, Polulus alba, Time.

Poppy, corn, Pavot coquelicot, Papaver rhæas, Ephemeral charms.

Poppy, white, Pavot blanc, Papaver albus, Dormant affection.

Prickly-pear, Raquette-figuier d’Inde, Cactus opuntia, I burn.

Primrose, Primevère, Primula, Early youth.

Privet, Troëne, Ligustrum, Prohibition.

Prune-tree, Prunier, Prunus, Promise.

Prune, wild, Prunier sauvage, Prunus sylvestris, Independence.



Reed, Rosean, Arundo, Imprudence; music.

Rest-harrow, Bugrane arrête-bœuf, Ononis, Obstacle.

Rose, Rose, Rosa, Beauty.

Rosebay, Laurier-rose Nerium oleander, Distrust.

Rosebay, Willow-herb Epilobe à épi, Epilobium spicatum, Production.

Rosebud, Bouton de rose, Rosæ calyx, Young girl.

Rose capucine, Rose capucine, Splendor.

Rose, hundred-leaved, Rose cent-feuille, Rosa centifolia, Graces.

Rosemary, Romarin, Rosmarinus, Healing balm.

Rose, moss Rose mosseuse, Rosa muscosa, Voluptuous love.

Rose, musk, Rose musquée, Rosa moschata, Capricious beauth.

Rose, perpetual, Rose des quatre saisons, Rose perpetua, Unfading beauty.

Rose, Provence, Rose pompon, Rosa provincialis, Gentillessee.

Rose, single, Rose simple, Rosa berberifolia, Simplicity.

Rose, striped, Rose panachée, Rosa variegata, Warmth of heart.

Rose, white, Rose blanche Rosa alba, Silence.

Rose, wild, Eglantine, Rosa canina, Poetry.

Rose, yellow, Rose jaune, Rosa lutea, Infidelity.

Round-leaved Sundew, Rossolis à feuilles rondes, Drosera rotundifolia, Surprise,

Rue Rue Sauvage, Ruta graveolens, Manners.



Saffron, Safran, Crocus, Abuse.

Sage, Sauge, Salvia, Esteem.

Sea-lavender, Staticé maritim, Statice limonium, Sympathy.

Sensitive plant, Sensitive, Mimosa sensitiva, Bashfulness.

Sensitive Hedysarum, Sainfoin oscillant, Hedysarum gyranus, Agitation.

Silver-weed, Argentine, Potentilla anserina, Simplicity.

Snowball, Boule de neige, Viburnum opulus, Ennui.

Snowdrop, Galanth perce-neige, Galanthus nivalis, Consolation.

Southernwood, Citronelle, Artemisia abrotanum, Pain.

Speedwell, Véronique élégante, Veronica amœna, Fidelity.

Spindle-tree, Fusain, Evonymus vulgaris, Likeness.

Star of Bethlehem, Ornithogale, Ornithogalum, Idleness.

Star of Bethlehem, pyramidal, Ornithogale pyramidale, Ornithogalum pyramidale, Purity.

Starwort, Astère, Aster, Afterthought.

Strawberry, Fraise, Fragaria, Goodness.

Strawberry of the Indies, Fraise de l’Inde, Fragaria indica, Deceitful appearances.

Succory, Chicorée-amére, Cichorium intybus, Frugality.

Sunflower, (sic) Soleil, (Tournesol) Helianthus, False riches.

Sweet Sultan, yellow, Centaurée-amberboi, Centaurea moschata, Felicity.

Sweet William, Œillet de poéte, Dianthus barbatus, Scorn.

Syringa, Syringa, Philadelphus. Fraternal regard.


Tares, Ivraie, Vicia, Vice.

Teasel, Cardére, Dipsacus fullonum, Benefit.

Thistle, Chardon, Carduus, Harshness.

Thornapple, Datur, Datura stramonium, Deceitful charms.

Thornapple, purple, Stramoine fastueuse, Datura fastuosa, Suspicion.

Thyme, Thym, Thymus, Activity.

Tiger-flower, Tigridie, Tigridia, Cruelty.

Toad-flax, Muflier, Antirrhinum, Presumption.

Touch-me-not, Balsamine, Impatiens, Impatience.

Tree Primrose, Onagre, Œnothera, Inconstancy.

Tuberose, Tubéeuse, Polyanthes, Voluptuousness.

Tulip Tulipe, Tulipia, Declaration of love.

Tulip, virgin, Tulipe vierge, Literary debut.

Turnsol, Héliotrope Heliotropium, The intoxication of love.



Valerian, red, Valériane rouge, Valerian rubra, Facility.

Violet Ivy, Cobée grimpante, Cobœa scandens, Knots.

Venus’s Looking-glass, Miroir de Venus, Campanula speculum, Flattery.

Verain, Verveine, Verbena, Sorcery.

Biburnum, prickly, Camara piquant, Lantana aculeata, Severity.

Violet, sweet, Violette odorante, Viola odorata, Modesty.

Violet, white, Violette blanche, Viola alba, Candor.

Virginian Cowslip, Cyroselle, Dodocatheon meadia, Divinity.

Virginian Spiderwort, Ephémérine de Virginie, Tradescantia Virginica, Transient felicity.

Virgin’s-bower, Clématite, Clematis, Artifice.



Wake-robin, Arum commun, Arum commune, Ardor.

Wall-flower, Giroflée jaune, Cheiranthus cheiri, Faithful in misfortune.

Water-lily, peltated, Nélumbo, Nymphæa nelumbo, Wisdom.

Water-lily, white, Nénuphar blanc, Nymphæa alba, Eloquence.

Water-lily, yellow, Nymphea jaune, Nymphæa lutea, Growing indifference.

Weeping-willow, Saule pleureur, Salix babylonica, Sadness.

Wheat, Blé, Triticum, Riches.

Whortleberry, Airelle myrtille, Vaccinium, Treachery.

Wild Rose-tree, Eglantier, A poetical person.

Wild-service, Alisier, Cratægus terminalis, Harmony.

Willow-herb, purple, Salicaire, Lythrum salicaria, Pretension.

Windflower, Anémone, Anemone, Abandonment.

Woad, Réséda, Reseda, Modest merit.

Wood Anemone, Anémone des près, Anemone nemorosa, Sickness.

Wood-sorrel, Oxalide-alléluia, Oxalis acetocella, Joy.

Wormwood, Absinthe, Absinthium, Absence.

Wreath of Roses, Couronne de roses, Corona rosarum, Reward of virtue.



Yew If, Taxus, Sadness.



Zephyranth, Zéphyranthe, Zephyranthes, Fond Caresses.






ACACIA - Concealed Love, Beauty in Retirement, Chaste Love

AMBROSIA - Your Love is Reciprocated

AMARYLLIS - Pride, Pastoral Poetry

ANEMONE - Forsaken

ARBUTUS - Thee Only Do I Love

ASTER - Symbol of Love, Daintiness

AZALEA - Take Care of Yourself for Me, Temperance, Fragile Passion, Chinese Symbol of Womanhood

BACHELOR BUTTON - Single Blessedness

BEGONIA - Beware



BLUEBELL - Humility

CACTUS - Endurance

CAMELLIA (PINK) - Longing for you

CAMELLIA (RED) - You're a Flame in My Heart

CAMELLIA (WHITE) - You're Adorable

CARNATION (GENERAL) - Fascination, Woman Love

CARNATION (PINK) - I'll Never Forget You

CARNATION (RED) - My Heart Aches For You, Admiration

CARNATION (PURPLE) - Capriciousness


CARNATION (STRIPED) - No, Refusal, Sorry I Can't Be With You, Wish I Could Be With You

CARNATION (WHITE) - Sweet and Lovely, Innocence, Pure Love, Woman's Good Luck Gift

CARNATION (YELLOW) - You Have Disappointed Me, Rejection

CATTAIL - Peace, Prosperity

CHRYSANTHEMUM (GENERAL) - You're a Wonderful Friend, Cheerfulness and Rest.



CROCUS - Cheerfulness

CYCLAMEN - Resignation and Good-bye

DAFFODIL - Regard, Unrequited Love, You're the Only One, The Sun is Always Shining when I'm with You

DAISY - Innocence, Loyal Love, I'll Never Tell, Purity

DANDELION - Faithfulness, Happiness

FERN - Magic, Fascination, Confidence and Shelter

FIR - Time

FLAX - Domestic Symbol

FORGET-ME-NOT - True Love, Memories

FORSYTHIA - Anticipation

GARDENIA - You're Lovely, Secret Love

GERANIUM - Stupidity, Folly

GLADIOLI - Give Me a Break, I'm Really Sincere, Flower of the Gladiators

GLOXINIA - Love at First Sight

HEATHER (LAVENDER) - Admiration, Solitude

HEATHER (WHITE) - Protection, Wishes Will Come True

HOLLY - Defense, Domestic Happiness

HYACINTH (GENERAL) - Games and Sports, Rashness, Flower Dedicated to Apollo

HYACINTH (BLUE) - Constancy

HYACINTH (PURPLE) - I am Sorry, Please Forgive Me, Sorrow


HYACINTH (WHITE) - Loveliness, I'll Pray for You


HYDRANGEA - Thank You for Understanding, Frigidity, Heartlessness

IRIS - Fleur-de-lis, Emblem of France, Your Friendship Means so Much to Me, Faith, Hope, Wisdom and Valor, My Compliments

IVY - Wedded Love, Fidelity, Friendship, Affection

JONQUIL - Love Me, Affection Returned, Desire, Sympathy, Desire for Affection Returned

LARKSPUR (PINK) - Fickleness

LILY (WHITE) - Virginity, Purity, Majesty, It's Heavenly to be with You

LILY (YELLOW) - I'm Walking on Air, False and Gay

LILY (CALLA) - Beauty

LILY (DAY) - Coquetry, Chinese Emblem for Mother

LILY (EUCHARIS) - Maiden Charms

LILY (TIGER) - Wealth, Pride

LILY OF THE VALLEY - Sweetness, Tears of the Virgin Mary, Return to Happiness, Humility, You've Made My Life Complete

MAGNOLIA - Nobility

MARIGOLD - Cruelty, Grief, Jealousy

MISTLETOE - Kiss me, Affection, To Surmount Difficulties, Sacred Plant of India

MONKSHOOD - Beware, A Deadly Foe is Near

MOSS - Maternal Love, Charity

MYRTLE - Love, Hebrew Emblem of Marriage

NARCISSUS - Egotism, Formality, Stay as Sweet as You Are

NASTURTIUM - Conquest, Victory in Battle

OLEANDER - Caution

ORANGE BLOSSOM - Innocence, Eternal Love, Marriage and Fruitfulness


ORCHID - Love, Beauty, Refinement, Beautiful Lady, Chinese Symbol for Many Children

ORCHID (CATTLEYA) - Mature Charm

PALM LEAVES - Victory and Success

PEONY - Shame, Happy Life, Happy Marriage

PETUNIA - Resentment, Anger, Your Presence Sooths Me

PINE - Hope, Pity

POPPY (GENERAL) - Eternal Sleep, Oblivion, Imagination

POPPY (RED) - Pleasure

POPPY (WHITE) - Consolation

POPPY (YELLOW) - Wealth, Success

PRIMROSE - I Can't Live Without You

PRIMROSE (EVENING) - Inconstancy

ROSE (BRIDAL) - Happy Love


ROSE (HIBISCUS) - Delicate Beauty

ROSE (LEAF) - You May Hope

ROSE (PINK) - Perfect Happiness, Please Believe Me

ROSE (RED) - Love, I Love You

ROSE (TEA) - I'll Remember Always

ROSE (THORNLESS) - Love at First Sight

ROSE (WHITE) - Innocence and Purity, I am Worthy of You, You're Heavenly, Secrecy and Silence

ROSE (WHITE AND RED MIXED) - Unity, Flower Emblem of England

ROSE (WHITE-DRIED) - Death is Preferable to Loss of Virtue

ROSE (YELLOW) - Decrease of Love, Jealousy, Try to Care

ROSEBUD - Beauty and Youth, A Heart Innocent of Love

ROSEBUD (RED) - Pure and Lovely

ROSEBUD (WHITE) - Girlhood

ROSEBUD (MOSS) - Confessions of Love

ROSES (Bouquet of Mature Blooms) - Gratitude

ROSES (Single Full Bloom) - I Love You, I Still Love You

SMILAX - Loveliness

SNAPDRAGON - Deception, Gracious Lady

SPIDER FLOWER - Elope with Me

STEPHANOTIS - Happiness in Marriage, Desire to Travel

STOCK - Bonds of Affection, Promptness, You'll Always Be Beautiful to Me

SWEETPEA - Good-bye, Departure, Blissful Pleasure, Thank You for a Lovely Time

TULIP (GENERAL) - Perfect Lover, Frame, Flower Emblem of Holland

TULIP (RED) - Believe Me, Declaration of Love

TULIP (VARIEGATED) - Beautiful Eyes

TULIP (YELLOW) - There's Sunshine in Your Smile

VIOLET - Modesty

VIOLET (BLUE) - Watchfulness, Faithfulness, I'll Always Be True

VIOLET (WHITE) - Let's Take a Chance

ZINNIA (MAGENTA) - Lasting Affection

ZINNIA (MIXED) - Thinking (or In Memory) of an Absent Friend

ZINNIA (SCARLET) - Constancy

ZINNIA (WHITE) - Goodness

ZINNIA (YELLOW) - Daily Remembrance



• Acacia - Secret love; chaste love; beauty in retirement; elegance; friendship; hope

• Acorn - Nordic symbol of life and immortality

• Agapanthus - Love letters

• Allspice - Compassion

• Almond Blossom - Hope; lover's charm

• Aloe - Grief

• Alstroemeria - Devotion; friendship

• Alyssum - Worth beyond beauty

• Ambrosia - Love returned

• Amaranth - Fidelity

• Amaranth, Globe - Unchangeable

• Amaryllis - Pride; Timidity; splendid beauty

• Anemone - Unfading love; truth; sincerity; anticipation; forsaken; fading hope

• Angelica - Inspiration

• Aniseed - Restoration of youth

• Apple blossom - Preference; good fortune

• Arbor Vitae - True friendship

• Arbutus - Thee only do I love

• Artemisia - Dignity

• Aster - Love; daintiness

• Azalea - Take care of yourself for me, fragile passion, temperance, Chinese symbol of womanhood



• Bachelor's Buttons - Celibacy; single blessedness; hope in love

• Baby's Breath - Everlasting love; happiness; pure in heart

• Basil - Best Wishes; Love

• Bay Leaf - Strength

• Begonia - Beware

• Bells Of Ireland - Good luck

• Bird Of Paradise - Magnificence

• Bittersweet - Truth

• Bluebell - Humility; constancy

• Borage - Courage

• Bouquet of withered flowers - Rejected love

• Burnet - A merry heart

• Buttercup - Cheerfulness; childishness; riches



• Cactus - Endurance; warmth; grandeur

• Calendula - Joy

• Camellia - Admiration; perfection; good luck gift to a man; loveliness

• Camellia (Pink) - Longing for you

• Camellia (Red) - You're a flame in my heart

• Camellia (White) - You're adorable

• Candytuft - Indifference

• Carnation (in general) Bonds of affection; health and energy; fascination; alas for my poor heart

• Carnation (pink) - I'll never forget you

• Carnation (purple) - Capriciousness; whimsical; changeable

• Carnation (red) - My heart aches for you; admiration

• Carnation (solid colour) -Yes

• Carnation (striped)- No; refusal; sorry I can't be with you; wish I could be with you

• Carnation (white) -Sweet and lovely; innocence; pure love; woman's good luck gift

• Carnation (yellow) - You have disappointed me; Rejection; disdain

• Cattail - Peace; prosperity

• Cedar - I live for thee; think of me

• Chamomile - Patience ; attracts wealth

• Chysanthemum (in general) - Cheerfulness; You're a wonderful friend

• Chysanthemum (red) - I love

• Chysanthemum (white) - Truth

• Chysanthemum (yellow) -Slighted love

• Cinnamon - My fortune is yours

• Clover (four-leaf) - Good luck; be mine

• Columbine - Folly

• Coreopsis - Always cheerful

• Cornflower - Delicacy; refinement

• Coriander - Lust

• Cowslip - Pensiveness; winning grace

• Coxcomb - Foppery

• Crocus - Cheerfulness; abuse not; joy

• Cyclamen - Resignation and goodbye

• Clover - Good luck



• Daffodil - Respect; regard; unrequited love; deceit

• Dahlia - Good taste

• Daisy - Innocence; loyal love; purity; faith; cheer; simplicity

• Dandelion - Wishes come true; faithfulness; happiness

• Delphinium - Airy

• Dogwood - Durability



• Eidelweiss - Daring; noble courage

• Eucalyptus - Protection



• Fennel - Worthy of all praise; strength

• Fern - Sincerity

• Fern (Magic) - Facination; confidence and shelter

• Fern (Maidenhair) - Secret bond of love

• Feverfew - Protection

• Fir - Time

• Flax - Domestic symbol; fate

• Forget-me-not - True love; memories; forget me not

• Forsythia - Anticipation

• Foxglove - Insincerity

• Fuchsia - Good taste



• Gardenia - You're lovely; secret love; refinement; joy

• Garland of roses - Reward of virtue

• Garlic - Courage; strength

• Geranium (Oak leafed) - Friendship

• Geranium (Rose) - Preference

• Geranium (Scented) - Preference, melancholy; stupidity; folly

• Gillyflower - Bonds of affection

• Gladiolus - Love at first sight; ready-armed; strength of character; generosity

• Gloxinia - Love at first sight

• Grass - Submission; utility



• Heather (lavender) - Admiration; solitude

• Heather (pink) - Good luck

• Heather (white) - Protection; wishes will come true; good luck

• Heliotrope - Devotion; eternal love

• Hibiscus - Delicate beauty

• Holly - Good will; defence; domestic happiness; foresight

• Hollyhock - Female ambition

• Honeysuckle - Generous and devoted affection; sweetness of disposition

• Hyacinth (general) - Rashness, sorrow, flower dedicated to Apollo

• Hyacinth (blue) - Constancy

• Hyacinth ( purple) - I'm sorry; please forgive me; sorrow

• Hyacinth (red or pink) - Play

• Hyacinth (white) - Loveliness; I'll pray for you

• Hyacinth (yellow) - Jealousy

• Hydrangea - Thank you for understanding; frigidity; heartlessness; vanity

• Hyssop - Wards away evil spirits



• Iris - Faith; hope; wisdom and valour; my compliments; eloquence

• Ivy - Fidelity; friendship; affection



• Jasmine - Amiability; wealth; grace and elegance

• Jonquil - Love me; affection returned; desire; sympathy

• Juniper - Protection





• Larkspur (pink) - Fickleness; levity

• Laurel (mountain) - Ambition

• Lavender - Devotion, distrust

• Lemon - Zest

• Lemon Balm - Brings love

• Lemon verbena - Attracts opposite sex

• Lilac - First love

• Lily (general) - Purity

• Lily (calla) - Beauty

• Lily (day) - Coquetry

• Lily (eucharis) - Maidenly charms

• Lily (orange) - Hatred

• Lily (tiger) - Wealth; pride

• Lily (white) - Virginity; purity; majesty; it's heavenly to be with you

• Lily (yellow) - I'm walking on air; false and gay

• Lily of the valley - sweetness; return to happiness; humility; perferct purity

• Love-in-a-mist - Perplexity



• Magnolia - Sweetness; beauty; love of nature; nobility; dignity; splendid beauty

• Marigold - Comforts the heart; grief; cruelty; jealousy; sacred affection

• Mimosa - Sensitivity

• Mint - Protection from illness; warmth of feeling

• Marjoram (sweet) - Joy and happiness

• Mistletoe - Kiss me; affection; to surmount difficulties; sacred plant of India, magic plant of the Druids

• Monkshood - Beware, a deadly foe is near; chivalry

• Moss - Maternal love; charity

• Myrtle - Love; love in absence; remembrance; Hebrew emblem of marriage

• Myrtle (wax) - Discipline; instruction



• Narcissus - Egotism; formality; stay as sweet as you are; you love yourself too well; self-esteem

• Nasturtium - Conquest; victory in battle; maternal love; charity; patriotism



• Oleander - Caution; beware

• Orange - Generosity

• Orange Blossom - Wisdom; purity; eternal love; your purity equals your loveliness

• Orange (mock) - Deceit

• Orchid - Love; beauty; refinement; you flatter me

• Orchid (Cattleya) - Mature charm



• Palm leaves - Victory and success

• Pansy - Thoughts; love

• Peach blossom - Longevity

• Peony - Shame; bashfulness; anger; indignation

• Peppermint - Warmth of feelings

• Periwinkle (blue) - Early friendship

• Periwinkle (white) - Pleasures of memory

• Petunia - Resentment; anger; your presence soothes me; never despairing

• Phlox - Agreement; sweet dreams

• Pine - Hope; pity

• Pink - Boldness

• Poinsettia - Be of good cheer

• Poppy (general) - Eternal sleep; oblivion; imagination; extravagance

• Poppy (red) -Pleasure

• Poppy (white) - Consolation; sleep

• Poppy( yellow) - Wealth; success

• Prickly Pear - Satire

• Primrose - I can't live without you; early youth; young love

• Primrose (evening) - Inconstancy



• Queen Anne's Lace - Fantasy



• Rose (red) - Love ; I love you

• Rose (white) - Eternal Love; innocence; heavenly; secrecy and silence

• Rose (pink) - Perfect happiness; please believe me

• Rose (yellow) - Friendship; jealousy; try to care

• Rose (black) - Death

• Rose (red and white) - Together; unity

• Rose (thornless) - Love at first sight

• Rose (single, full bloom) - I love you; I still love you

• Rose bud - Beauty and youth; a heart innocent of love

• Rose bud (red) - Pure and lovely

• Rose bud (white) - Girlhood

• Rosebud (moss) - Confessions of love

• Roses (bouquet of full bloom) - Gratitude

• Roses (garland or crown of) - Beware of virtue; reward of merit; crown ; symbol of superior merit

• Roses (musk cluster) - Charming

• Rose (tea) - I'll always remember

• Rose (cabbage) - Ambassador of love

• Rose (Christmas) - Tranquilize my anxiety; anxiety

• Rose (damask) - Brilliant complexion

• Rose (dark crimson) - Mourning

• Rose (hibiscus) - Delicate beauty

• Rose leaf - You may hope

• Rosemary - Remembrance; commitment; fidelity



• Sage - Wisdom; long life; domestic virtue

• Salvia (blue) - I think of you

• Smilax - Loveliness

• Snapdragon - No; deception; gracious lady; presumption

• Spearmint - Warmth of sentiment

• Spiderflower - Elope with me

• Statice - Lasting beauty

• Star of Bethlehem - Atonement

• Stephanotis - Happiness in marriage; desire to travel; come to me

• Stock - Lasting beauty; promptness

• Strawberry - Perfect goodness

• Sunflower - Loyalty; haughtiness; you are splendid

• Sweet Basil - Good luck

• Sweet pea - Goodbye; departure; blissful pleasure; Thank you for a lovely time

• Sweet William - Grant me one smile; perfection; gallantry



• Thrift - Sympathy

• Thyme - Strength and courage

• Tuberose - Dangerous pleasure

• Tulip(general) - Fame; charity; declaration of love;

• Tulip(red) - Believe me; declaration of love

• Tulip(variegated) - Beautiful eyes

• Tulip(yellow) - Hopeless love





• Violet - Modesty; faithfulness

• Violet (blue) - Watchfulness; faithfulness; I'll always be true

• Violet (white) - Let's take a chance on happiness

• Viscaria - Will you dance with me?



• Water Lily - Purity of heart

• Wistaria - I cling to you

• Woodruff - Sweet humility



• Xeranthemum - Cheerfulness under adversity



• Yarrow - Health; healing



• Zinnia - Thoughts of friends

• Zinnia (magenta) - Lasting affection

• Zinnia (mixed) - Thinking of an absent friend

• Zinnia (scarlet) - Constancy

• Zinnia (white) - Goodness

• Zinnia (yellow) - Daily remembrance



The "Language of Flowers"® is a timeless tradition that individual types of flowers and colors, impart special sentiments when presented to another person, for example: the red rose expresses "I Love You" and the pink rose...."Friendship". Dating as far back as early Chinese dynasties, the "Language of Flowers" has woven its mystique and romance throughout history. William Shakespeare used the "Language of Flowers" in much of his writing, including Aphrodite’s lovely beseechment of Ophelia in "Hamlet"..."there’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance, pray love...remember". In the Victorian era, over 200 books were written to embellish the "Language of Flowers". Queen Victoria spoke in "Language of Flowers" sentiments when describing the affairs of her daughter’s heart. The Romance & Elegance Of Earlier Times.



Alyssum (sweet)....Worth beyond beauty


Amaranth, Globe...........Unchangeable

Abor Vitae.............True Friendship

Artemesia............Symbol of Dignity



Baby's Breath................Happiness

Bay Wreath.............Reward of Merit

Blue Bell....................Constancy


Carnation, Red..............Admiration

Carnation, White.............Pure Love

Cedar leaf.............I live for Thee


Chrysanthemum, red.........I love Thee

Chrysanthemum, white.............Truth

Chrysanthemum, yellow....Slighted Love

Cinnamon........."My fortune is yours"

Clover, four-leaf...Good Luck, Be Mine



Dahlia......................Good Taste

Daisy, Garden...

............."I share your sentiments"



Edelweiss.......Daring & Noble Courage




Fir...................Time & Elevation

Forget-Me-Not.........."Forget me not"

Gardenia........"I love you in secret"

Geranium, oak-leaf..........Friendship

Geranium, rose..............Preference

Gillyflower(pink)...Bonds of Affection

Gladiolus........Strength of Character


........Admiration, Beauty in solitude

Heather, pink.............."Good Luck"

Heliotrope......Devotion, Eternal Love

Hibiscus...............Delicate Beauty


Honeysuckle...Sweetness of Disposition



Iris........"I have a message for you"

Jasmine, yellow.......Grace & Elegance

Jonquil, yellow...

......"I desire a return of affection"

Larkspur....................Open Heart

Laurel, Mountain..............Ambition


Lilac...........First Emotions of Love

Liy, Calla.............Majestic Beauty

Lily, white...........Majesty & Purity


...................Return of Happiness


Magnolia......Dignity, splendid beauty

Magnolia, tulip...

............Sweetness, delicate beauty


Mistletoe.............Affection & Love




Orange Blossom...

.."Your purity equals your loveliness"

Orchid............Beauty & Reflections



Peppermint..........Warmth of feelings

Perwinkle, blue.......Early Friendship

Perwinkle, white...Pleasures of Memory

Phlox.....................Sweet Dreams


Poinsettia.........."Be of good cheer"

Primrose....................Young love

Queen Anne’s Lace..............Fantasy

Rose, Bridal................Happy Love

Rose, Carolina.......Love is dangerous

Rose, Christmas.....Peace, tranquility

Rose, Musk...........Capricious Beauty

Rose, pink.....Friendship & Endearment

Rose, red.........."Love you" & Beauty

Rose, white......."I am worthy of you"

Rose, white & red................Unity


Salvia, blue.........."I think of you"


Spearmint..........Warmth of sentiment

Statice.................Lasting Beauty

Sweet William............."Perfection"

Sweet Basil..................Good luck

Sweet Pea...........Delicate Pleasures


Thyme...............Courage & Activity


Tulip, red.........Declaration of love

Tuberose............Dangerous pleasure

Violet, blue..............Faithfulness

Wisteria.............."I cling to you"


..........Cheerfulness under adversity


Zinnia......Thoughts of absent friends





ACACIA BLOSSOM: Represent for a secret, innocent love and last forever.

CORN: North Europe's representation for life

ALOE: Meaning sadness and religious superstitious

AMBROSIA: Represent for an old love that will come back to you

AMARYLLIS: Meaning for a luxuriou beauty: arrogance but shy

ANEMONE: being abandon

ARBUTUS: Only love one's significant other, no one else

ASTER: Represent for a beautiful love

AZALEA: Represent for gentleness in love, take care your woman,

also is a quality in Chinese's woman



BACHELOR BUTTON: Lonely and innocent

BEGONIA: Beware!!!

BELLS OF IRELAND: Represent for luckiness

BITTERSWEET: Represent for honesty

BLUEBELL: Being humble and patience




CACTUS: Patience and high spirit

CAMELLIA: Represent for a woman's admire their man, that's a great gift

for any man

CAMELLIA: Pink meaning longing for a man

CAMELLIA: Red: A man thinks his woman is a burning fire in his heart

CAMELLIA: White: A man thinks his woman is so lovely!

CANDYTUFT: Represent for one's negligent caring for other

CARNATION: General: Being attracted by a beautiful girl

CARNATION: Pink: A man said: "I will never forget you"

CARNATION: Purple: An unstable change

CARNATION: Red: My heart is tremble because of you; admire!!

CARNATION: Solid Color: Meaning to agree

CARNATION: Striped: Deny a woman's love; Sorry:

I cannot bring love and happiness to you eventhough I try

CARNATION: White: Represent for loveliness: innocent

and worthy of love. Also represent for a chaste love. Great gift for a woman

CARNATION: Yellow: Represent for denial and don't even care to notice

CATTAIL: Represent for peacefulness and successful

CHRYSANTHEMUM: General: You're a great friend with a sense of humor and easygoing

CHRYSANTHEMUM: Red: You're so lovely

CHRYSANTHEMUM: White: Represent for an honesty in love

CHRYSANTHEMUM: Yellow: Represent for a love that a man didn't pay attention to

COREOPSIS: Always happy

COWSLIP: Meaning for thinking and honorable

CROCUS: Be happy and Don't torture yourself too much

CYCLAMEN: Meaning denial and say goodbye



DAFFODIL: Caring and loving other but haven't had any feedback from them but still love and care for that particular person

DAISY: Meaning innocent and true love

DANDELION: Represent for loyalty and happiness

DEAD LEAVES: Represent for sadness



FERN: Represent for a passion and attraction; trusting and protective.

FERN: Maidenhair: A secret promise for one's true love

FIR: Timing is everything

FLAX: Represent for one's faith.

FORGET-ME-NOT: True love and hard to forget

FORSYTHIA: Meaning to know something in advance



GARDENIA: You're so lovely; Secret love.

GARLAND OF ROSES: Reward of Virtue

GARLIC: Bravery and full of energy.

GERANIUM: Stupidity and Idiotic.

GLADIOLUS: Love at first sight.

GRASS: To obey; useful.



HEATHER: Lavender: Represent for admire; loneliness

HEATHER: White: Protection; All of your dreams will come true

HOLLY: Defense; Represent for one's happiness; provident

HONEYSUCKLE: To sacrifice and forgiveness; admire

HYACINTH: General: This flower will be given to the sun

HYACINTH: Blue: Loyalty

HYACINTH: Purple: Apologize: Please forgive me!

HYACINTH: Red or Pink: Playing a Joke

HYACINTH: White: Really lovey; I always pray for you.

HYACINTH: Yellow: Jealousy

HYDRANGEA: Thankyou for your understanding.



IRIS: Your friendliness give me a deep impression; trusting and hope; Being careful and brave; My heart is out with you

IVY: Love in marriage; or friendship

IVY SPRIG OF WHITE TENDRILS: From worry to admire; sympathy



JASMINE: Lovely, cute.

JONQUIL: Please love me; I have feeling for you; I wish my love will come back to me



LARKSPUR: Pink: Meaning something will change

LILAC: Feeling of your first love

LILY: Calla: Represent for a girl's charming and beautiful

LILY: Day: Usually adorn oneself; represent a Chinese mother

LILY: Euchard: Represent for a chaste innocent girl, she's also attractive; and lovely

LILY: Orange: Despite

LILY: Tiger: Rich and arrogant

LILY: White: Meaning innocent, virgin, and assertive. Wonderful to be with that lady

LILY: Yellow: I walk in space; mistake

LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY: Sweetness and gentle; Water of Virgin Mary; happiness is back; modest; you make my life complete



MAGNOLIA: Being noble; natural love

MARIGOLD: Suffering; sadness; jealous

MISTLETOE: Kiss me; admire; overcome any obstacle Magic herbs of India; Demon trees of Druids

MONKSHOOD: Beware: Death is comming; Forgiveness

MOSS: Love between mother and child; kindness

MYRTLE: Represent for love and marriage of Hebrew



NARCISSUS: arrogant; praise oneself; let keep it simple, be kind and lay aside your arrogant.

NASTURTIUM: taking over; win the war; patriotic

NUTS: surprise



OLEANDER: Be careful and beware

ORANGE BLOSSOM: Innocent; Love forever

ORANGE MOCK: To lie to someone

ORCHID: Love; beauty; lovely lady; also represent for full of children in China

ORCHID: Cattleya: a decent beauty and solemn



PALM LEAVES: Win and success

PANSY: Thinking or miss someone

PEONY: Embarrass; Peaceful life; Happiness in marriage; or shyness

PETUNIA: Angry; or your appearance make me feel more safety

PINE: Hope and kindness

POPPY: General: Sleep into eternity; forget; illusion

POPPY: Red: happiness and consolation

POPPY: White: Advice; to sleep

POPPY: Yellow: Success and happy

PRICKLY PEAR: To mock someone

PRIMROSE: Evening: Not patient enough



ROSE: Bridal: Satisfy in love

ROSE: Cabbage: Angel of love

ROSE: Christmas: I'm scare; anxious

ROSE: Damask: Being glorious

ROSE: Dark Crimson: sympathetic

ROSE: Hibiscus: Delicate beauty

ROSE LEAF: You can hope

ROSE: Pink: Completely happy; Believe in me

ROSE: Red: I love you

ROSE: Single Full Bloom: I love you and still love you

ROSE: Tea: I never forget you

ROSE: Thornless: Love at first sight

ROSE: White: Chaste and innocent; I'm your only love; secret and last forever

ROSE: White and Red Together: To agree

ROSE: White on Red Together: Represent for England; Unity

ROSE: White (Dried): Choose to die because keep virginity for a woman's love

ROSE: White (Withered): Represent for a small impression; a simple beauty; You don't even remember

ROSE: Yellow: Lose one's love; jealousy; care for

ROSEBUD: young and beautiful; a pure heart in love

ROSEBUD: Moss: to confess that I love you

ROSEBUD: Red: innocent and love

ROSEBUD: White: A girl's puberty

ROSES: Bouquet of Full Bloom: Being graceful

ROSES: Garland or Crown of: Beware of your attitude; to reward; Represent for brilliant merit

ROSES: Musk Cluster: To lure, attract



SMILAX: You're so lovely!

SNAPDRAGON: to lie; arrogant

SPIDER FLOWER: agree to runaway with me

STEPHANOTIS: Happiness in marriage; or want to travel

STOCK: A rope to tied couple together in love; a lasting beauty

SWEETPEA: Say goodbye; thank you for your time



TULIP: General: A wonderful woman; famous; Represent for Holland

TULIP: Red: Believe me!; to announce that I love you

TULIP: Variegated: Beautiful eyes

TULIP: Yellow: Hopeless in love



VIOLET: Being modest

VIOLET: Blue: Being careful and honest; I always keep my words

VISCARIA: Would you like to dance with me?



ZINNIA: Magenta: Being admire for long time

ZINNIA: Mixed: Thinking (or missing) of being loneliness because missing a bestfriend

ZINNIA: Scarlet: Patient

ZINNIA: White: Represent for an honest person

ZINNIA: Yellow: I miss you every day





The Language of Flowers

ACORN-Nordic symbol of immortality and life

ASTER-Symbol of love, daintiness

AZALEA-Chinese symbol of womanhood, temperance, fragile passion


CATTAIL-Peace, prosperity

CHRYSANTHEMUM (GENERAL) -You're a wonderful friend, cheerfulness and rest




COREOPSIOS-Always cheerful


CYCLAMEN-Resignation and good-by

DAFFODIL-Regard - unrequited love, you're the only one, the sun shines when I'm with you

DAISY-Innocence, loyal love, I'll never tell, purity.

DANDELION-Faithfulness, Happiness


FERN-Magic, fascination, confidence and shelter

FERN-MAIDENHAIR-Secret bond of love


FLAX-Domestic symbol

FORGET-ME-NOT-True love, memories


GARDENIA-You're lovely, secret love

GARLIC-Courage, strength, get well, ward off evil and illness

GERANIUM-Stupidity, folly

GLADIOLI-I'm sincere, flower of the gladiators

GLOXINIA-Love at first sight


HEATHER (LAVENDER)-Admiration, solitude

HEATHER (WHITE)-Protection, wishes will come true

BREZO (BLANCO) - Proteccion, deseos realizados

HOLLY-Defense, domestic happiness

HYACINTH (GENERAL)-Games and sports, rashness, flower dedicated to Apollo


HYACINTH (PURPLE)-I am sorry, please forgive me, sorrow


HYACINTH (WHITE)-Loveliness, I'll pray for you



HYDRANGEA - Thank you for understanding, frigidity, heartlessness

IRIS-Fleur-de-lis Emblem of France, your friendship means so much to me, faith, hope, wisdom & valor

IIVY-Wedded love, fidelity, friendship, affection

IVY-SPRIG OF WHITE TENDRILS-Anxious to please, affection

JONQUIL-Love me, affection returned, desire, sympathy, desire for affection returned

LARKSPUR (PINK)-Fickleness

LILY (WHITE)-Virginity, purity, majesty, it's heavenly to be with you

LIRIOS (BLANCO) - Virginidad, pureza,majestad, es hermoso estar contigo

LILY (YELLOW)-I'm walking on air, false & gay


LILY (DAY)-Coquetry, Chinese emblem for mother

LILY (TIGER)-Wealth, pride

LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY-Sweetness, tears of the Virgin Mary, return to happiness, humility, you've made my life complete


MARIGOLD-Cruelty, grief, jealousy

MISTLETOE-Kiss me, affection, the sacred plant of India, magic plant of Druids

MONKHOOD-Beware, a deadly foe is near

MOSS-Maternal love, charity

MYRTLE-Love, Hebrew emblem of marriage

NARCISSUS -Egotism, formality, stay as sweet as you are

NASTURTIUM-Conquest, victory in battle



ORANGE BLOSSOM-Innocence, eternal love, marriage and fruitfulness


ORCHID-Love, beauty, refinement, beautiful lady, Chinese symbol for many children

ORCHID (CATTLEYA)-Mature charm

PALM LEAVES-Victory and success

PEONY-Shame, happy marriage

PETUNIA-Resentment, anger, your presence soothes me

PINE - Hope, pity

POPPY (RED)-Pleasure

POPPY (WHITE)-Consolation (Poppy is the floral sign of consolation probably because it was created by "Ceres" while in search of her daughter, Prosperpine, to assuage her grief)

POPPY (YELLOW)-Wealth, success

PRIMROSE-I can't live without you


ROSE (BRIDAL)-Happy love

ROSE (CHRISTMAS)-Tranquilize my anxiety, anxiety

ROSE (DAMASK)-Persian ambassador of love


ROSE (HIBISCUS)-Delicate beauty

ROSE (LEAF)-You may hope

ROSE (CORAL) - Desire

ROSE (ORANGE) Fascination

ROSE (PINK)-Perfect happiness, grace

ROSE (DARK PINK) - Thankfulness

ROSE (LAVENDER) - Enchantment|

ROSE (RED)-Love, I love you, Respect

ROSE (TEA) - I'll remember - always

ROSE (THORNLESS) - Love at first sight

ROSE (WHITE) - Innocence and purity, Secrecy and silence

ROSE (WHITE AND RED TOGETHER)-Unity, flower emblem of England

ROSE (WHITE-DRIED)-Death is preferable to loss of virtue

ROSE (YELLOW)-Joy, friendship, one yellow rose with 11 red ones means love & passion

ROSEBUD-Beauty and youth, a heart innocent of love

ROSEBUD (RED)-Pure and lovely


ROSEBUD (MOSS)-Confessions of love

ROSES (Bouquet of full bloom)-Gratitude

ROSES (Single full bloom)-I love you, I still love you

ROSES (GARLAND or CROWN OF)-Beware of virtue, reward of merit, crown - symbol of superior merit



SNAPDRAGON- Deception, Gracious lady

STEPHANOTIS-Happiness in marriage, desire to travel

STOCK-Bonds of affection, promptness, you'll always be beautiful to me

SWEETPEA-Good-by, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time

TULIP (GENERAL)-Perfect lover, fame, flower emblem of Holland

TULIP (RED)-Believe me, declaration of love

TULIP (VARIEGATED)-Beautiful eyes

TULIP (YELLOW)-There's sunshine in your smile


VIOLET (BLUE)-Faithfulness, loyalty

VIOLET (WHITE) - Let's take a chance on happiness

ZINNIA (MAGENTA)-Lasting affection

ZINNIA (MIXED)-Thinking (or in memory) of an absent friend



ZINNIA (YELLOW)-Daily remembrance


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Date last edited: 01/21/10
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